Brownfield monument depicts a particular young hero

His right hand held palm outward, the soldier looks incredibly young.

Turns out he’s just a kid.

Sometime during the Civil War, Pvt. Daniel Augustus Bean of Brownfield and the 11th Maine Infantry posted either for Matthew Brady or one of his hired photographers. (Maine State Archives)

The designation of November 11 as Veterans Day lay decades in the future as Pvt. Daniel Augustus Bean and Co. A, 11th Maine Infantry Regiment, mustered into the United States Army on Monday, November 11, 1861. Along with approximately 95-98 other men, Bean and his friend, Pvt. Elias P. Morton, raised their right hands and solemnly swore to uphold the Union.

Hailing from Brownfield on Oxford County’s border with New Hampshire, Bean and Morton had enlisted in Co. A on November 2. They were among 21 recruits rounded up by Bean’s father, Sylvanus Bangs Bean, a Maine militiaman during the “Bloodless” Aroostook War of ’39.

Bean faced a particular obstacle to military service. The Army accepted recruits as young as 17, providing a parent signed off.

Nary a whisker sprouting on his smooth chin, Daniel Augustus Bean was all of 15, born to Sylvanus and his wife, Sally Spring Hadley Bean, in Brownfield on May 20, 1846. Daniel had at least two sisters (one was named Eliza) and two brothers, Charles and John.

The 15-year-old snuck into the Army under the watchful gaze of 1st Lt. Sylvanus B. Bean of Co. A, a man unafraid to literally pull rank to enlist his boy.

Commissioned a first lieutenant in the 11th Maine Infantry, Sylvanus Bean of Brownfield recruited his 15-year-old son, Daniel, into the regiment in November 1861.

Confederate lead wounded Daniel Bean and Elias Morton at the Battle of Seven Pines on Saturday, May 31, 1862. Afterwards designated a quartermaster, Bean was back in the Co. A ranks during the Bermuda Hundred campaign so ineptly handled by Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler in spring 1864.

The regiment went on picket the evening of the 1st of June,” wrote Robert Brady Jr. in The Story of One Regiment, the 11th Maine history. Eight companies formed a yawing, V-shaped picket line stretching along a ravine. “Company A was posted about two hundred yards in rear of the two left companies,” G and I, Brady noted.

Confederate infantry attacked suddenly around 6 a.m., June 2, broke “the regiments on our left,” and came head on at the 11th Maine’s left flank. In order from left to right, companies I, G, B, C, and D fell back “as the rebel line swept towards the right,” Brady wrote.

Up came Co. A and its stalwart Capt. Melville M. Folsom of Newburgh. Watching as “the rebels marched in a solid line of battle,” Melville “gallantly deployed his company in such a masterly way as to secure our … flank and rear, giving the center and [right] flank time to withdraw,” Brady noted.

Sculpted by John Wilson of Boston, the statue of Daniel A. Bean is one of few Maine Civil War monuments to depict an actual soldier. (Brian F. Swartz Photo)

Daniel Bean fought with his comrades until struck by a bullet. As friends carried him rearward, another bullet hit the now 18-year-old Dean. Surgeons removed one bullet an Army hospital in Fort Monroe, across the James River, but Daniel died on Monday, June 6, not long before his father arrived to visit him.

By then Maj. Sylvanus Bean was an assistant quartermaster with V Corps.

Daniel was buried near Fort Monroe. Today he lies in Lot D 2820 at Hampton National Cemetery, and a cenotaph stands in his honor at a Brownfield cemetery.

Daniel was the first Brownfield lad killed during the Civil War.

Elias Morton never forgot his childhood friend. In 1911, Morton (then living in Augusta) and Brownfield paid Boston sculptor John A. Wilson to craft a monument to Daniel Bean, depicting the 15-year-old as he was sworn into the Army. Wilson apparently relied on a photo (credited to Matthew Brady) taken of Bean later in the war.

Elderly Civil War veterans (foreground) are among the people gathering at Brownfield’s Civil War monument on Memorial Day circa 1920. The statue depicts Pvt. Daniel A. Bean of Brownfield. (State of Maine)

Cast by the Gorham Company of Providence, R.I., the monument was placed atop a granite base at what is the modern intersection of Main Street and Route 160 in Brownfield. Hundreds of people gathered on September 26, 1911 to dedicate the monument. Among those participating were the aging members of Daniel A. Bean Post, No. 160, Grand Army of the Republic.

As a band struck up the Star-Spangled Banner, two of Bean’s sisters unveiled the monument.

Unarmed, the eternally young Daniel Augustus Bean gazes north by west, sort of toward distant Fryeburg. His kepi held in his left hand, he wears a belt buckle emblazoned “VMM.”

That stands for “Volunteer Maine Militia.” Today, just under 157 years since the day that Daniel Bean joined the Army, we must ask, “Where did Maine find such heroes?”

If you enjoy reading the adventures of Mainers caught up in the Civil War, be sure to like Maine at War on Facebook and get a copy of the new Maine at War Volume 1: Bladensburg to Sharpsburg, available online at Amazon and all major book retailers, including Books-A-Million and Barnes & Noble.



Source: The Story of One Regiment in the War of the Rebellion, Robert Brady Jr., J.J. Little & Co., New York, NY, 1896

Brian Swartz can be reached at He enjoys hearing from Civil War buffs interested in Maine’s involvement in the war.







Brian Swartz

About Brian Swartz

Welcome to "Maine at War," the blog about the roles played by Maine and her sons and daughters in the Civil War. I am a Civil War buff and a newspaper editor recently retired from the Bangor Daily News. Maine sent hero upon hero — soldiers, nurses, sailors, chaplains, physicians — south to preserve their country in the 1860s. “Maine at War” introduces these heroes and heroines, who, for the most part, upheld the state's honor during that terrible conflict. We tour the battlefields where they fought, and we learn about the Civil War by focusing on Maine’s involvement with it. Be prepared: As I discover to this very day, the facts taught in American classrooms don’t always jibe with Civil War reality. I can be reached at