Mud March of January 1863 brighter image

On January 20, 1863, Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside (below) marched the Army of the Potomac west to cross the Rappahannock River and outflank the Army of Northern Virginia upriver from Fredericksburg, Va. Cold rain soon pounded the wretched Union boys, and Burnside’s grand attack dissolved into the “Mud March,” which almost destroyed his army. (Library of Congress)